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Role of Insulin & Medications in treating Diabetes

Diabetes - the most fearsome ailment after cancer and heart disease. Diabetes sends people into panic, because, most often it is a lifelong disease. Diabetes occurs when, the pancreas of the human body, reduce or even stop the production of insulin which is a normal hormone. Diabetes is of 2types. Type I and Type II. Diabetes can hereditary or incurred because of life style.

What is insulin- The human body needs energy for every function from growing skin cells to blood circulation and all other activities. Pancreas is the organ which produces insulin to process the sugar in the blood, into energy required by the body. Sugars are a product of carbohydrates in the food we eat like tubers, rice, to name a few. Insulin keeps the blood sugar level from getting too high or too low because both conditions are harmful to the body. Malfunction of the pancreas leads to reduction in the level of insulin produced. Today science and technology are so highly advanced that it is
very easy to supplement the body’s requirement of insulin with medical insulin in the form of an injection. This is self-injectable. The insulin ‘pen’ has a cartridge of insulin, calibrated for the required dose, with needles so fine that even a pinprick feels more painful. There is a lot of research being done on insulin patches, insulin pumps and sprays which may change the entire outlook of treatment for diabetes.

Medication is the use of oral drugs which are used to compensate the lack of insulin. There are different types of drugs depending on the nature of the diabetes, age and condition of the person, Oral medicines help in using the insulin your body makes, and also help the pancreas to produce more insulin. Metform in is the common, first-line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, especially in people who are overweight.

Similarities and differences – The main similarity is that insulin injections and oral tablets both compensate the lack of natural insulin of the body. Insulin is required for reducing blood glucose levels.Especially when diet and exercise insufficient. Oral medication works well and can keep blood sugar levels under control for years. But it may also gradually become ineffective. Similarly Insulin can be taken at the onset and gradually help in the recovery of the pancreas, to the extent that only medication could handle the production of insulin. The difference is that some diabetes medications are not good for long-term use, but insulin is extremely safe to use lifelong.

In these modern times it is very easy contract diabetes. Stress and lifestyle are the biggest contributors along wi
th heredity factors. Medical care is also very expensive. It is there fore imperative to keep healthy and incorporate a few lifestyle changes like:

·       Exercise – mild like walking and yoga, to extensive depending on your condition

·       Healthy and balanced eating – low on carbohydrates, high on proteins at scheduled times

·       Regular check-ups especially in pre-diabetics or people with a family history of diabetes

A healthy life style will keep, not only diabetes, but other ailments away and prevent high medical bills.

Stay healthy and live happily.

Posted By Taara On February 6

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